Here is a checklist of the main characteristics of each main dosha type from which it is possible to establish your dominant dosha. The most common disorders to which each type is particularly prone are also listed together with recommendations of diet, exercise, lifestyle and Ayurvedic treatments to counter the effects of excessive dosha.
Prakruti ( the physical constitution )

It is important for doctor and patient to understand the concept and functions of the doshas, so that no treatment is offered which works against a predominant dosha. The individual constitution is evaluated to form the basis of the Ayurvedic diagnosis. Until this is established, no effective treatment or regime can or should be recommended. Imbalance leads to ill health.

The ages of dosha dominance
  Kapha – related problems are common from birth to the age of twenty.
  Pitta – related problems are common between the ages of twenty and fifty years.
  Vata – related problems are common after the age of fifty years.

Characteristics of Kapha

A moderate to sluggish appetite: heavy sweating ; profuse but infrequent urination; large, soft stools: melodious speech; a businesslike approach: a good memory; careful decision making; thrift and care with money; a tendency to save and conserve; monogamy; lethargy and passivity; a love of Pease and quite and familiar places: a love of good food; a dislike of cold, damp conditions

Health problems associated with kapha : Hypertension; heart disease: circulatory disorders; diabetes; gall bladder problems; eczema; asthma; sinusitis; bronchitis

How to live with kapha
  Avoid eating foods high in kapha
  Eat hot and spicy food
  Avoid cold and raw food
  Do not snack between meals
  Avoid fatty and fried food. Meat and meat products and excess oil
  Avoid alchohol consumption and control addictions to sweet food
  Choose heating, bitter, pungent and astringent food
  Take walks after meals
  Avoid a cold environment
  Take warm baths and wear warm clothing
  Avoid excess sleep
  Cleanse the body with panchakarma therapy regularly
  Massage the body with kapha oils engage in daily physical activity
Characteristics of Pitta

A strong appetite; a tendency to sweat; frequent need to urinate; loose stools and a tendency to diarrhoea; loud speech; care with money: a tendency to jealousy , ambition and egotism; a passionate and dominating sex drive; a love of sport: an interest in politics; a love of luxury; a dislike of heat

Health problems associated with pitta : Ulcers; digestive problems; gall bladder and liver problems; skin complaints; headaches

How to live with pitta
  • Avoid eating foods high in pitta
  • Eat vata and kapha increasing food
  • Eat cooling food ( drinking cold water, eating ghee and taking suitable oils are beneficial )
  • Eat a high proportion of raw foods, i.e. – salads, fruits and vegetables; avoid pickles, fizzy and acidic drinks and reduce your intake of fruit juice
  • Avoid excess alcohol, salt, tea and coffee
  • Choose sweet, bitter and astringent food
  • Take yoghurt after meals
  • Drink plenty of liquids
  • Try to maintain a cool environment – bathe in cool water
  • Swimming in cold water, taking walks in moonlight and living near water are all beneficial activities for pitta types
  • Massage the body with pitta oils
  • Do not expose the body to too much sun
Characteristics of Vata

A variable appetite; little perspiration; Frequent but sparse urine; hard, dark stools and a tendency to constipation; a highly original and creative mind; a poor to average memory; indecisiveness: rapid speech; wastefulness with money: nervousness and shyness; a tendency to anxiety and depression; a high sex drive ( or none at all ); a love of travel; high mobility: a dislike of cold weather and strong winds.

Health problems associated with vata : Heart problems; disorders of the nervous system; anxiety; tension; hypertension;
depression; migraine; irritable bowel syndrome.

How to live with vata
  • Avoid eating foods high in vata and eat pitta – and kapha increasing food.
  • Eat moderately warm food ( warm milk is a beneficial drink ); avoid cold or frozen food.
  • Choose sweet, acid and salty foods; avoid hot and spicy food, and reduce your intake of nuts and seeds.
  • Massage with vata oils.
  • Use steam baths with vata oil applications.
  • With the supervision of an Ayurvedic practitioner , cleanse the digestive system and body with oils, salty liquids, Ayurvedic Preparations and panchakarma methods regularly.
  • Avoid excessive physical activities.
  • Make sure to get plenty of rest and listen to relaxing music.
  • Meditate every day.